If you take time and learn about bee culture, you’ll be amazed to know how organizing behavior they have. As like us, bees also tend to follow their leader – that is in the face of Queen Bee. A Queen is usually the oldest bee in the bee clan, who rules the entire hive.
The selection of a Queen Bee depends on the vote of worker bees, and then it becomes dominant over the colony.
The other popular name for Queen Bee is Mother of all bees, as it is specially fed for strengthening their sexual maturity. Subsequently, this elected bee has a long life span of around seven years and is the only bee with large and handsome body features. Besides that, she is the single bee in the beehive with a wholly mature reproductive system.
The Queen Bee In The Hive
The queen bee is the pillar of the colony. The one that determines with its existence the survival of the species. A hive cannot survive without its queen. It can be recognized for its dimensions, much larger than the workers. Her wings do not completely cover her abdomen, and since she does not have to perform tasks, her legs do not need to be equipped with combs or brushes.
The queen bee’s eyes are less faceted; its olfactory system is much less developed and has a shorter tongue than all other bees. Its stinger is softer and is generally used to fight with its competitors. But the mission of her is to lay eggs throughout her life. Approximately one million eggs will be laid uninterruptedly.
There cannot be two queens in a hive, so the future queen will have to become a fighter shortly after her birth. The first one, after it hatch, will have to kill those that are contained in the other cells.
What Make Her Unique
This giant bee serves mainly for two purposes, one that attracts its flock to follow her by releasing some scented chemicals that unite the bee colony. And its secondary role is to produce plenty of eggs a day – for instance: she produces eggs in every thirty seconds interval making up to a surprising figure of 1500 eggs a day on average. Amazingly, the weight of these eggs is more than her body weight!
Spotting The Queen Bee
Within the arranged frames of beehives, a beekeeper can easily spot the queen bee from the structure due to its prominent bold body. If we generally speak about the term “Queen Bee,” – it refers to the dominant bee in the beehive. In some hives, there is more than one queen bee, or they may be dwarf as well. These queens are present in backup, meaning that they are ready to take the throne once the main queen dies of sudden death.
Mating Of Queen Bee
Once the selected virgin queen is mature enough, it flies to the areas where drones are congregated. There she mates around 12 to 15 drones. Sometimes she flies back to the drone congregation until she is completely mated. In these mating flights, she returns to her clan with 6 million sperms from various drones. She then fertilizes her eggs for the rest of her life of 2 to 7 years.
Sometimes, if the temperature isn’t favorable or she couldn’t fly to drones for mating and miss out on the opportunity. She then becomes a drone laying queen. Drone laying queen means that there remain no fertilized larvae in the beehive. Hence, the hives stay at the risk of death.
Eusocial bees follow this regale celebrity of the beehive. Eusocial bees are always present to offer her any help and fulfill her needs. As she is not capable of maintaining herself on her own, so the attendants never leave her alone.
Like others, Queen bee also has a sharp stinger, but a beekeeper is not at risk. It is because she only uses its curved stinger against a rival queen or queens.